What is the full form of VPI | Full Form of VPI

Full Form of VPI

VPI: Virtual Path Identifier

Full Form of VPI or VPI stands for Virtual Path Identifier. It is an 8-bit field in the header of an ATM cell. It acts as a data communication identifier that establishes a virtual network path for an asynchronous transfer mode.

Full Form of VPI
Full Form of VPI

What does VPI mean?

Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) refers to an 8-bit (user-to-network cells) or 12-bit (network-network cells) field within the header of an Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) cell. The VPI, together with the Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) is used to identify the next destination of a cell as iteries of ATM switches on its way to its destination.

ATM cells generally pass through ATM switches. VPI tells the switches about the route of cell as the cell travels through the ATM network. Generally, the VPI is used with VCI to identify the route or destination of the cell. The function of VPI is similar to the function of DLCI in Frame Relay.

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Full Form of Volte | What is the full form of Volte

full form of volte

Volte: Voice over Long Term Evolution

Full Form of Volte or Volte stands for Voice over Long Term Evolution (LTE). It is a standards-based technology that is developed to support voice calls over an LTE network. It delivers high-quality voice communication, video calls, messaging services, and data over 4G wireless network or 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks for mobile and portable devices.

Full Form of Volte
Full Form of Volte

It defines the standards and procedures for delivering voice communication and data over 4G LTE networks. When you make a call using VoLTE supported phone, the voice goes over the carrier’s high-speed data network instead of its voice network. Thus, it offers superior call quality, faster call connectivity, and ability to use voice and high-speed data at the same time. However, you need to use a phone that supports VolTE, in an area with 4G LTE service, and the person on the other end must also have the same facilities.

Full Form of Volte & How VoLTE Works?

In VoLTE the call is carried over the IP network provided by the 4G network. It uses your 4G data connectivity to send data packets for voice calls, e.g., when you make calls using the internet like whatsup call, skype call, etc.

VoLTE allows carrying voice traffic using IP packets over the IP network (IP to IP based network). It carries your call as a stream of IP packets over data connections. So, it primarily works on IP-based networks and only supports packet switching.

What does VoLTE mean?

Voice over LTE (VoLTE) or Voice over Long-Term Evolution (VoLTE), is a technology based on IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) for delivering high-quality voice communication and data over 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks. When a user makes a call from VoLTE supported phone the voice goes over the carrier’s high-speed data network instead of its voice network. The benefits of VoLTE are superior call quality, faster call connectivity and the ability to use voice and high-speed data at the same time”.

Benefits of VoLTE:

  • It enables you to use voice and data at the same time.
  • It enables high definition (HD) voice calling, a significant improvement over traditional calls made via cellular networks.
  • It connects calls easily and much faster than traditional GSM or CDMA.
  • It offers more efficient use of spectrum than the traditional 2G or 3G technology.
  • It increases battery life as it uses shorter discontinuous reception (DRx) which improves device power efficiency.

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What is the full form of VLC MEDIA PLAYER | Full Form of VLC

Full Form of VLC MEDIA PLAYER

VLC: VideoLAN Client

Full Form of VLC or VLC is an open source and cross-platform media player. It was developed by VideoLAN and is free to use by everyone. It is available on App stores, supports all operating system and mobile platforms. VLC supports audio and video format (MPEG, DivX/Xvid, Ogg and many more) as well as DVDs, VCDs. It is built in a modular way which means you can choose from different modules and decide how to control and display the output.

Full Form of VLC MEDIA PLAYER
Full Form of VLC MEDIA PLAYER

It can stream over networks and to transcode multimedia files and can save them into various formats.

What does VLC mean?

“VLC media player is a free and open-source, cross-platform media player and streaming server developed by the VideoLAN project. VLC originally stood for VideoLAN Client and LAN stands for Local Area Network, when VLC was a client of the VideoLAN project. It was originally developed as two programs for media streaming, VideoLAN Client (VLC) and VideoLAN Server (VLS), later the features of VLS have been incorporated into VLC and renamed VLC media player.”

VLC media player is an open source cross-platform media player that supports a wide variety of file formats. It was first released in 2001 by the VideoLAN project. The player is able to stream over computer network and to transcode multimedia files. It supports wide variety of operating systems including: Windows, iOS, Linux, Android, Solaris, etc.

VLC supports wide range of file formats including: Audio formats (mp3, AAC, AC3, RealAudio, WMV), Video Format (AVI, FLV, QuickTime File Format, MP4, WAV, MPEG, WMV) and Subtitles (DVD-Video, SVCD, DVB, MPEG-4 Timed Text, Text file, etc.)

History

The VideoLAN project was an academic project by the students of French Engineering School, in 1996. They wanted to watch television on their PCs. They wrote VLS (VideoLAN Server) and VLC (VideoLAN Client) to stream and read MPEG2.

On 1st February 2001, it was released with the name VLC media player. It is available for android devices on Google Play store since 2011.

Features

  • As it is packet based, it can play damaged, incomplete or unfinished videos also.
  • It can be installed or run directly from the USB or other external drive.

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What is the full form of VIRUS | Full Form of VIRUS

Full Form of VIRUS

VIRUS: Vital Information Resources Under Seize

Full Form of VIRUS or A computer virus is a computer program or a piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and run against your consent. Virus has a property to replicate itself and spread itself from one computer to another computer. It can affect the data files, boot sector of hard drive etc. when its replication succeeds. The affected area is said infected.

What does VIRUS mean?

“Virus is a computer program that is designed to replicate itself by copying itself into the other programs stored in a computer. It may have a negative effect, such as causing a program to operate incorrectly or corrupting a computer’s memory”.

Full Form of VIRUS
Full Form of VIRUS

Viruses are human made programs generally write to access private information, corrupt data, to display political and humorous messages on the user’s screen. They insert themselves into host programs and spread on the execution of infected programs.

Computer viruses cause damage of billions of dollars worth every year. The majority of viruses target systems running Microsoft window. To counter with viruses, programmers created anti-virus programs.

Harmful Effects of Computer Viruses

  • Can corrupt your system file and slow down your computer system
  • Can make some programs corrupt or faulty
  • Can damage computer’s boot sector
  • Can steal your computer’s information and send it to another person
  • Can delete your complete hard drive
  • Can display irrelevant and annoying messages on your computer screen
  • Can change the power rating of your computer which may cause of blast

Types of Computer Viruses

This is a list of common types of computer viruses.

  1. Boot sector viruses
  2. Program viruses
  3. Multipartite viruses
  4. Stealth viruses
  5. Macro viruses
  6. Polymorphic viruses
  7. Active X viruses
  8. Browser hijacker
  9. Resident viruses
  10. File infector viruses

List of malwares which are generally categorized as computer viruses:

  • Computer Worms
  • Trojan horse
  • Spam virus
  • Spyware
  • Zombies

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What is the full form of VHDL | Full Form of VHDL

Full Form of VHDL

VHDL: VHSIC (Very High Speed Integrated Circuit) Hardware Description Language

Full Form of VHDL or VHDL is a hardware description language that is used to model the physical hardware used in digital systems like in logic circuits to tell their structure, timing and behavior. It should not be confuse with a programming language as it is not a programming language. There are some predefined data types in VHDL, apart from these a user can also define its own data type.

It was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense in 1981.

Let’s see an image of conversion from VHDL to sysgen block diagram.

 Full Form of VHDL
Full Form of VHDL

Why Use VHDL

  • If used in a proper way and structured approach, it will efficiently increase the productivity.
  • It gives a benefit to reuse a code according to your use.
  • You can move to more advanced tools by using VHDL as electronic tools are developing rapidly.

Disadvantages

  • It is hard to learn and implement as it is a big and complex language.
  • Tools used in VHDL are comparatively costlier.
  • It does not provide all type of technology features.

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What is the full form of VGA | Full Form of VGA

Full Form of VGA

Full Form of VGA or VGA stands for Video Graphics Array. It is a display hardware developed by IBM in 1987. It was first introduced with IBM PS/2 line of computers. It provides a resolution of 640×480 pixels and a refresh rate of 60 Hz.

What is the full form of VGA
Full Form of VGA

Full Form of VGA: Video Graphics Array

VGA is referred as an array instead of an adopter because it was implemented from the start as a single chip (ASIC). It uses analog signals rather than digital signals.

Technical Specifications

The original VGA has the following specification:

  • 256 kB Video RAM
  • 16-color and 256-color paletted display modes.
  • 262,144-color global palette (6 bits, and therefore 64 possible levels, for each of the red, green, and blue channels via the RAMDAC)
  • Selectable 25.175 MHz or 28.322 MHz master pixel clock
  • Usual line rate fixed at 31.469 kHz
  • Maximum of 800 horizontal pixels
  • Maximum of 600 lines
  • Refresh rates at up to 70 Hz
  • Vertical blank interrupt
  • Planar mode: up to 16 colors (4-bit planes)
  • Packed-pixel mode: 256 colors (Mode 13h)
  • Hardware smooth scrolling support
  • No hardware sprites,
  • No Blitter, but supports very fast data transfers via “VGA latch” registers.
  • Barrel shifter
  • Split screen support
  • 0.7 V peak-to-peak
  • 75 ohm double-terminated impedance (18.7 mA, 13 mW)

Shape and Size

A VGA connector is shaped like a trapezoid and it has 15 pins. If you have a old monitor designed for the older standards may not be able to work with Video Graphics Array standards.

Compatibility

The older VGAs provide a resolution of 640×480 pixels. After that version, many revisions have been introduced. The most common version of VGA is Super VGA (SVGA). It allows for resolutions greater than 640×480, such as 800×600 or 1024×768.

What does VATS mean?

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a type of thoracic surgery performed using a small video camera that is introduced into the patient’s chest via a scope. The surgeon is able to view the instruments that are being used along with the anatomy on which the surgeon is operating.

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What is the full form of VFX | Full Form of VFX

What is the full form of VFX

Full Form of VFX or VFX stands for Visual Effects. It a technology that is used to create videos out of a combination of live actions shots and digital images. In actions movies, you would have seen the hero jumping from the helicopter or fighting with giant monsters, all these scenes are created using VFX.

Full Form of VFX
Full Form of VFX

It deals with the consolidation of real-life footage and computer-generated imagery (CGI) to make situations, which looks real and sensible and otherwise would be costly, risky, and impractical to shoot on film. In short, in VFX you manipulate CGI and combine it into live actions captured with film making.

VFX is flexible as it can be used to create a wide range of video creation from live footage visuals, altered videos, and computer-generated imageries. In VFX, the most commonly used tool is a green screen, which is a background that can be easily removed from behind the actor after creating the required images on the background. This visual effects cannot be created on a film physically, so they are created virtually through computer graphics.

What is the full form of VFX?

Furthermore, timing is an important factor in VFX, e.g., when and how an effect is created plays an important part in creating a video. It is generally done during the post-production process but planned during the building or initial phase of the process. Such as changing the simple background into the ocean, forest, stadium, etc., after shooting the scene with a simple green background.

VFX is different from CGI (computer-generated imagery) which is an application of computer graphics (imaging software) which allows you create images, characters, and video games that look real and which may not be possible to create using other methods.

Types of VFX:

The VFX can be categorized into five different categories:

  • Simulation FX
  • Animation
  • Modelling
  • Compositing
  • Matte painting

Job Titles for a VFX artist:

  • Concept artist
  • Digital Paint Artist
  • Compositor
  • Layout Artist
  • Match Move artist
  • Matte Painter
  • Roto Artist
  • Technical Director
  • VFX supervisor

What does VFX mean?

“Visual Effects (VFX) are the various processes by which imagery is manipulated and/or completely created to enhance the imagery generated from a live action shoot. The main objective of VFX is to create a very realistic scene or environment on screen which in reality might be very costly to build, impossible to capture or unreal.”

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What is the full form of VAT | Full Form of VAT

Full Form of VAT

VAT stands for Value Added Tax. It is a common form of indirect tax which is imposed only on tangible goods or products. It is imposed at each stage of production involved in turning raw material into finished goods and at the point of sale.

What is the full form of VAT ?

“Value Added Tax is a form of indirect tax imposed only on tangible goods and products. It does not applies on services, because a service tax is levied separately on them. From the perspective of the buyer, it is a tax on the purchase price. In India, VAT is collected by the Central and state governments, and the rate at which the tax applies varies from state to state”.

Full Form of VAT
Full Form of VAT

What does VAT mean?

Value Added Tax (VAT) is a tax placed on goods at the time of sales. A VAT is a type of tax assessed based on the increase in the value-added to a product at each stage of production to the point of sale”.

Brief History

VAT is not applicable on services as service tax is imposed separately on services. It is collected by the Central and State governments. Its chargeability varies from state to state. VAT is implemented in almost all countries in the world as it contributes significantly to the GDP of a country.

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Full Form of ICU | What is the full form of ICU

Full Form of ICU:- ICU stands for Intensive Care Unit. It is a special department of a hospital that provides intensive care medicines and life support to patients suffering from a serious injury or illness. Intensive care units look after the patients with the most severe and life-threatening injuries or illness which needs constant and close monitoring by a team of specialized doctors and nurses. This team is trained in the care of critically ill or severely injured patients. Patients can be transferred directly in ICU from an emergency department if required. It is usually done if the condition of the patient deteriorates constantly.

An ICU is equipped with various medical equipments, some of which are as follows:

  • Mechanical ventilators
  • Dialysis machine
  • External pacemakers
  • Syringe Pump
  • Infusion Pump
  • ECG ( Electrocardiogram)
  • Defibrillator
  • Anesthesia Machine
  • Blood Warmer
  • Patient Monitor
  • Feeding tubes, suction tubes etc.
Full Form of ICU
Full Form of ICU

ICUs also have their own staffs like physical therapists, respiratory therapists, anesthesia specialist and pharmacists etc.

Intensive Care Units cater to patients with life-threatening injuries and illnesses, most of which need constant, close monitoring by specialized trained doctors and nurses in Hospital. Apart from doctors and nurses, an ICU staff of Hospital may consists of respiratory therapists, physical therapists and pharmacists.

Injuries and Illnesses that may require special and expensive care of an ICU :-

  • Problems with the heart attack, low blood pressure and blood vessels
  • Difficulty with breathing due to Asthma or severe pneumonia
  • Serious Accident cases where patient needs immediate attention
  • Patients undergoing major surgery, who need special monitoring after the operation
  • Patients who are in a coma or have loss of consciousness may also require ICU

Injuries and illnesses that require special treatment in ICU:

  • Severe heart problems like heart attack, extreme low blood pressure.
  • Problem in respiratory system due to asthma or complicated pneumonia.
  • Accidental cases which need major surgery and immediate action.
  • Patients in Coma.
  • Liver problems and Kidney failure cases which requires dialysis.
  • After a major surgery.

There is a special ICU for the babies who born prematurely or born with a serious illness. It is called neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

ICU is also known as Intensive Therapy Unit or Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) or Critical Care Unit (CCU). The first ICU practitioner was Peter Safar.