Full Form of ICU | What is the full form of ICU

Full Form of ICU:- ICU stands for Intensive Care Unit. It is a special department of a hospital that provides intensive care medicines and life support to patients suffering from a serious injury or illness. Intensive care units look after the patients with the most severe and life-threatening injuries or illness which needs constant and close monitoring by a team of specialized doctors and nurses. This team is trained in the care of critically ill or severely injured patients. Patients can be transferred directly in ICU from an emergency department if required. It is usually done if the condition of the patient deteriorates constantly.

An ICU is equipped with various medical equipments, some of which are as follows:

  • Mechanical ventilators
  • Dialysis machine
  • External pacemakers
  • Syringe Pump
  • Infusion Pump
  • ECG ( Electrocardiogram)
  • Defibrillator
  • Anesthesia Machine
  • Blood Warmer
  • Patient Monitor
  • Feeding tubes, suction tubes etc.
Full Form of ICU
Full Form of ICU

ICUs also have their own staffs like physical therapists, respiratory therapists, anesthesia specialist and pharmacists etc.

Intensive Care Units cater to patients with life-threatening injuries and illnesses, most of which need constant, close monitoring by specialized trained doctors and nurses in Hospital. Apart from doctors and nurses, an ICU staff of Hospital may consists of respiratory therapists, physical therapists and pharmacists.

Injuries and Illnesses that may require special and expensive care of an ICU :-

  • Problems with the heart attack, low blood pressure and blood vessels
  • Difficulty with breathing due to Asthma or severe pneumonia
  • Serious Accident cases where patient needs immediate attention
  • Patients undergoing major surgery, who need special monitoring after the operation
  • Patients who are in a coma or have loss of consciousness may also require ICU

Injuries and illnesses that require special treatment in ICU:

  • Severe heart problems like heart attack, extreme low blood pressure.
  • Problem in respiratory system due to asthma or complicated pneumonia.
  • Accidental cases which need major surgery and immediate action.
  • Patients in Coma.
  • Liver problems and Kidney failure cases which requires dialysis.
  • After a major surgery.

There is a special ICU for the babies who born prematurely or born with a serious illness. It is called neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

ICU is also known as Intensive Therapy Unit or Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) or Critical Care Unit (CCU). The first ICU practitioner was Peter Safar.

What is the full form of PNR | Full Form of PNR

Full Form of PNR

PNR stands for Passenger Name Record. It is a record of the passenger stored in the database of a computer reservation system (CRS). It is used by railways and airlines to store records of the passengers who are going to travel with them. It contains passenger’s personal records like name, address, phone number etc.

Full Form of PNR
Full Form of PNR

The concept of PNR was first introduced by Airlines to collect the passenger’s information in the case if he/she takes more than one flights to reach his/her destination. This makes the whole process very easy and time saving.

Parts of a PNR

There are five parts of a PNR required for a successful booking. They are:

  • Name of the Passenger/ Passengers.
  • Contact details of airline office /train reservation office/ travel agent.
  • Complete information of passenger. (In the case of many passengers, complete details of at least one passenger).
  • Ticketing details like: Source, Destination, Age, Name, Fare details etc.
  • Name of the person providing the information or booking the ticket.
Full Form of PNR
Full Form of PNR

Where is PNR stored?

Most of the Airlines and travel agencies choose to host their PNR databases with a Computer reservation System (CRS) or Global Distribution System (GDS) companies. These companies are Galileo, Worldspan, Amadeus, Sabre etc.

What is the meaning of PNR status?

pnr number on Indian Railways ticketPNR stands for “passenger name record” and it tells you your current status on the WL (waitlist) or RAC (reservation against cancellation queue). If you buy a WL ticket or an RAC ticket, you will be assigned a unique 10-digit PNR number.